Familial adenomatous polyposis-1 (https://omim.org/entry/175100) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by predisposition to cancer. Affected individuals usually develop hundreds to thousands of adenomatous polyps of the colon and rectum, a small proportion of which will progress to colorectal carcinoma if not surgically treated. Gardner syndrome is a variant of FAP in which desmoid tumors, osteomas, and other neoplasms occur together with multiple adenomas of the colon and rectum (Nishisho et al., 1991).

Rustgi (2007) reviewed the genetics of hereditary colon cancer, including APC.